ACRONYMS

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  •  AFP: Apple Filing Protocol
  • AHCI: Advanced Host Controller Interface
  • APM: Apple Partition Map
  • APT: advanced packaging tool
  • ATA: Advanced Technology Attachment (SATA)
  • ATAPI:  AT Attachment Packet Interface
  • BCIT: Barnard College IT
  • CAPS: Purchasing System
  • COS: Class of Service
  • CRED: Center for Research on Environmental Decisions
  • CUIT: Columbia University IT
  • DDR: Double Data Rate – DDR3/DDR4 chips
  • DF: disk-free space
  • DHCP: Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
  • DN: distinguished name
  • DRAM: Dynamic Random-Access Memory
  • DSCL: Directory Service Command Line Utility (Mac)
  • DVI: Digital Video Interface
  • ECC: Error-Correcting Code (Used in ECC Memory)
  • FAS: Financial Accounting System
  • FFE : Financial Front End
  • GAL: Global Address List
  • GPT: GUID Partition Table – Mac-formatted hard drive partitions
  • GREP: globally search a regular expression and print
  • HPC: High-Performance Computing
  • HSM: hierarchical storage management
  • IOPS:  Input/output Operatives Per Second
  • IPS:  In-Plane Switching (LCD monitor)
  • IRB: Institutional Review Board – Encrypt data for human subjects
  • ISO: International Standards Organization
  • JBOD: Just a Bunch Of Drives/Disks – Non-RAID drive architecture
  • LDS:  Labor Distribution System
  • LIRSM: Laboratory of Intergroup Relations and the Social Mind
  • LMTP: Load Mail Transport Protocol
  • LRV: least recently used (cache algorithm)
  • LTS: Long-Term Support
  • LVM: Linux Volume management
  • LVM:  Logical Volume Manager
  • MAID: Massive Array of Idle Drives (100-1000 hard drives for nearline storage)
  • MD: mirror device
  • MOTD:  Message of the Day
  • MTA: message transfer agent
  • NAS: Network-attached storage
  • PAC: People at Columbia
  • PBIS: Power Broker Identity System – Linux use of Active Directory
  • PBIS : PowerBroker Identity Services
  • PLL: Phase Locked Loop
  • POE: Power Over Ethernet
  • PPN:  processors per node
  • PSREF: Product Specifications Reference
  • RA: Research Assistant
  • RAID: Redundant Array of Inexpensive/Independent Disks
  • RBL: Real-time Black-hole Lists
  • RCS:  Research Computing Services
  • RDIMM: Registered DIMM (register used to buffer address, control lines and clocks)
  • RMA: Return Merchandise Authorization
  • SAN: Storage Area Network
  • SAS: Serial Attached SCSI  (point-to-point serial protocol)
  • SATA: Serial ATA
  • SCN: Social Cognitive Neuroscience – aka Scan Lab
  • SCP:  Secure Copy (WinSCP or Fugu)
  • SCSI = Small Computer System Interface
  • SMB – Windows Filesharing
  • SOAP: Simple Object Access Protocol
  • SS: Secure Shell
  • SSD: Solid-State Drive
  • TN:  Twisted Nematic Field (LCD monitor)
  • TTY:Teletype (controlling terminal)
  • UDF: Universal Disk Format
  • UDIMM: Unregistered DIMM – slightly faster (2+), but no parity.
  • UNI: UNiversity ID
  • WORM: Write Once, Read Many (archival storage)
  • WORO: Write Once, Read Occasionally
  • WWN: world-wide number.  Given to hard drives; used for absolute identification.
  • ZCS: Zimbra Collaborative Services
  • ZFS: Zettabye Storage System
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